Our Presidential fellows and faculty continue on pursue impactful, diverse careers with skills cultivated working with the TCV and the University.


Dr. Janani Balaji worked with the TCV as a fellow from 2012 to 2016.  She graduated with a Ph.D. from Georgia State in 2016. Since then, she has been working as a Data Scientist at CareerBuilder.

Some of her research focus includes graph data management, graph analytics, distributed databases, distributed computing, machine learning and natural language processing.

Aaron Dicker was a Presidential Fellow with the TCV from 2015 to 2017.  He is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Communication. He earned his master’s degree in Communication Liberal Arts and Sciences from Ball State University and his B.A. in Political Science from DePauw University. His research interests include argumentation, anti-Semitism, visual rhetoric, social movements, and terrorism.

Dicker’s background also includes teaching courses in Communication and coaching intercollegiate debate at multiple universities.

He also previously worked for the Quality Enhancement Plan at Wiley College where he implemented curriculum utilizing academic debate as a conflict resolution and educational tool.  He’s a current member of the  National Communication Association (NCA), the Rhetoric Society of America (RSA), and the Southern States Communication Association (SSCA).

Research and Published Studies:

El Damanhoury, K., Winkler, C., Kaczkowski, W., & Dicker, A., (2018). Examining the military-media nexus in ISIS’s provincial photography campaign. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 1-20.

Winkler, C., El Damanhoury, K., Dicker, A., & Lemieux, A.F. (2018). Images of death and dying in ISIS media: A comparison of English and Arabic print publications. Media, War, & Conflict, 1-15.

Winkler, C.K., El Damanhoury, K., Dicker, A., & Lemieux, A.F. (2016). The medium is terrorism: Transformation of the about to die trope in Dabiq. Terrorism and Political Violence, 1-20.


Dicker, A. (2018). Escaping the “broken middle”: Arguments for particular audiences using dissociative disruption. National Communication Association Annual Conference, Salt Lake City, UT.

Dicker, A. (2018). Toward the affective turn in social movement theory. Rhetoric Society of America Biennial Conference, Minneapolis, MN.

Dicker, A. (2017). Defending the “Domestic Foreigner”: Jews and Muslims as “Un- American”. ACA/AFA Summer Conference on Argumentation, Alta, UT.

Dicker, A. (2017). #UCIntifada: The Future of BDS on American College Campuses. Morehouse College Interdisciplinary Symposium on Social Justice, Social Movements, and Activism at Morehouse College, Atlanta, GA.

Dicker, A. (2017). Counterpublics and the Universal Audience. Southern States Communication Association Annual Conference, Greenville, SC.

Dicker, A. (2016). Visual interpellation in Dabiq’s “Selected 10”. National Communication Association Annual Conference, Philadelphia, PA.

Lemieux, A.F., Winkler, C., Simati, M., El Damanhoury, K., & Dicker, A. (2016). An analytical comparison of behavioral change appeals in Al-Shabaab’s Gaidi Mtaani and ISIL’s Dabiq. National Communication Association Annual Conference, Philadelphia, PA.

Winkler, C., Dicker, A., & El Damanhoury, K. (2016). Visual and sound strategies in ISIS Propaganda. VOX-POL Conference, Dublin, Ireland.

Winkler, C., Lemieux, A., Dicker, A., & El Damanhoury, K. (2016). Validating Extremism: Daesh’s use of authority in al-Naba’ infographics. International Society for the Study of Argument/Wake Forest University Biennial Argumentation Conference, Venice, Italy.

Dicker, A. (2016). Reducing recidivism: Prison reform through higher education. 6th Annual Conference on Scholarly Teaching, Atlanta, GA.

Winkler, C., Lemieux, A., Dicker, A., & El Damanhoury, K. (2016). Visual communication strategies of ISIL’s Dabiq magazine. International Studies Association – International Communication Conference, Atlanta, GA.

Kareem El Damanhoury obtained his Ph.D. in Communication from Georgia State University and an M.A. in in Communication and Development from the Scripps School of Communication at Ohio University.  He also earned a bachelor’s degree in Communication from Cairo University.

After his time with the TCV, he was hired as an Assistant Professor of Media and Journalism Studies at the University of Denver.

His research focuses on visual communication, international/intercultural communication, and media and conflict.  El Damanhoury is also a working freelance journalist and has covered news stories in the U.S. and abroad.  His experience includes working at CNN International, and teaching courses at Georgia State, including Digital Journalism and Introduction to Communication.  El Damanhoury has also helped develop training materials for Imams from MENA for the Carter Center in Atlanta.

Much of Dr. El Damanhoury’s work centers on political communication and the visual framing and propaganda of militant organizations.  His expertise includes data analysis and reporting using SPSS as well as news production and video editing skills.  El Damanhoury speaks fluent English and Arabic as well as beginning Spanish.

Research and Published Studies:

El Damanhoury, K. & Winkler, C. (2018). Picturing law and order: A visual framing analysis of ISIS's Dabiq magazine. Journal of Arab Media & Society, Winter/Spring (25), p. 1-20.

El Damanhoury, K., Winkler, C., Kaczkowski, W., & Dicker, A. (2018). Examining the military–media nexus in ISIS’s provincial photography campaign. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 1-20.

Winkler, C., El Damanhoury, K., Dicker, A., & Lemieux, A. F. (2018). Images of death and dying in ISIS media: A comparison of English and Arabic print publications. Media, War & Conflict. doi:10.1177/1750635217746200

Winkler, C., El-Damanhoury, K., & Lemieux, A. F. (2018). Validating extremism: Strategic use of authority appeals in al-Naba’ infographics. Journal of Argumentation in Context, 7(1), 33-71.

Damanhoury, K. E., & Saleh, F. (2017). Is it the same fight? Comparative analysis of CNN and Al Jazeera America’s online coverage of the 2014 Gaza War. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 10(1), 85-103

El Damanhoury, K. (2017). Understanding ISIS’s provincial propaganda: A visual framing analysis of Wilayat Sinai’s imagery in 2016. Journal of Middle East Media, 13, 1-40.

Winkler, C., El Damanhoury, K., Dicker, A., & Lemieux, A. (2016). The Medium is Terrorism: Transformation of the About to Die Trope in Dabiq. Terrorism and Political Violence. doi:10.1080/09546553.2016.1211526

Saks, J., Compton, J. L., Hopkins, A., & El Damanhoury, K. (2016). Dialed in: Continuous response measures in televised political debates and their effect on viewers. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 60(2), 231-247.

Book Chapters:

El Damanhoury, K. The visual depiction of statehood in Daesh’s Dabiq magazine and al-Naba’ newsletter. Winkler, C. (Ed.) [forthcoming 2019].   Networking Argument. New York, NY: Routledge.


El Damanhoury, K.  (2018). “A closer look at proto-state media systems in transitional periods,” The Third Biennial Symposium, Center for Advanced Research in Global Communication, Annenberg School of Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

El Damanhoury, K. (2018).  “A visual framing analysis of ISIS’s imagery in Sinai,” National Communication Association, Dallas, TX.

El Damanhoury, K.  (2018). “The visual depiction of statehood in militant groups’ imagery,” Alta Argumentation Conference, Salt Lake City, UT.

El Damanhoury, K.  (2018).  “The social media battle for Mosul,” Center for Advanced Research in Global Communication, Annenberg School of Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

El Damanhoury, K. (2017).  “Picturing law enforcement in Daesh-claimed territories,” International Communication Association, San Diego, CA.

Winkler, C., El Damanhoury, K., & Dicker, Aaron.  (2016).  “Visual and sound strategies in ISIS propaganda,” Vox-Pol, Dublin, Ireland.

Winkler, C., El Damanhoury, K., & Lemieux, A. “Daesh’s use of authority in al-Naba’ newsletter,” International Society for the Study of Argument, Wake Forest University, Venice, Italy, June 2016.

El Damanhoury, K. (2016).  “The visual Strategies in Daesh’s media campaign,” Presentation at Middle East Studies Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.

El Damanhoury, K.  (2016).  “Religious discourse and rhetoric in militant groups’ publications,” Presentation at Religious Studies Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.

Lemieux, A. F., Winkler, C., Rogers, A., Levitt, J., El Damanhoury, K., & Dicker, A.  (2016) “Dissecting Dabiq: A critical analysis of the potential, role, and impact of ISIL’s English-language magazine,” International Studies Association, Atlanta, GA.


2017 - Top Student Paper Award

Int'l and Intercultural Communication Division, National Communication Association

2017 - Outstanding Graduate Student Award, Communication Department

Georgia State University

2016          Inaugural Graduate Fellow, Center for Global Information Studies

Georgia State University

Michael Jablonski is an attorney and author.  He earned the 'Outstanding Academic Achievement by a Graduate Student' Award from the Georgia State Department of Communication.  He is the author of the book The Real Cyber War: The Political Economy of Internet Freedom with Dr. Shawn Powers. His work is focused on the political economy of information employed by violent political extremist, exploitation by violent political extremist of incumbent practices in western, online media, and the establishment of radical and extremist identities over time through discourses that interact with less radical communities.  He served as a Presidential Fellow with the TCV and is currently pursuing a Ph.D. degree. 

Wojciech Kaczkowski earned his Ph.D. in Community Psychology from Georgia State in 2020.  He went on to accept an Evaluation Fellowship at the CDC’s Division of Adolescent and School Health. There, he is working on programs on sexual health education and domestic violence prevention.  Kaczkowski earned his B.A. in Psychology and Philosophy from University of Georgia and his M.A. in Psychology from Wake Forest University.

His research interests focus on social and cultural factors that contribute to the development of violent behaviors and attitudes. Specifically, he is interested in examining risk and protective factors for gender-based violence and radicalization into violent extremism, as well as the relationship between these two forms of violent behavior.

Kaczkowski’s experience includes work as a project manager for John Templeton Foundation’s Life Paths Research Program in Sewanee, Tennessee. Currently, his research looks at the use of images of children in Islamic State propaganda, the qualitative analysis of first-hand narratives of sexual violence perpetration, and the bystander intervention in situations involving sexual aggression.

Kaczkowski teaches in the Department of Psychology and mentors other students with their research.  Kaczkowski also serves as an Advisor and Coordinator for the Violence against Women Prevention Lab.

Research and Published Studies:

Winkler, C., Damanhoury, K., Kaczkowski, W., & Dicker, A. (2018). Examining the military-media nexus in ISIS’s provincial visual campaign. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict.

Horgan, J., Bloom, M., Daymon, C., Kaczkowski, W., & Tiflati, H. (2017). A new age of terror? Older fighters in the caliphate. CTC Sentinel, 10(5), 13-20.

Kaczkowski, W., Brennan, C.L., & Swartout, K.M. (2017). In good company: Social network diversity may protect men against perpetrating sexual violence. Psychology of Violence, 7(2), 276-285.

Hamby, S., Roberts, L., Taylor, E., Hagler, M., & Kaczkowski, W. (2017). Families, poly-victimization, & resilience portfolios: Understanding risk, vulnerability & protection across the span of childhood. In D. Teti (Ed.), Parenting and Family Processes in Child Maltreatment and Intervention, 3-23.


Kaczkowski, W. (2018). Effects of the Islamic State’s Territorial Changes on the Group’s Online Propaganda. Presented at the 2018 VOX-Pol Biennial Conference in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Kaczkowski, W. (2018). Qualitative Content Analysis of Images of Children in the Islamic State Propaganda. Presented at the 2018 Association for the Study of Nationalities World Convention, New York City, NY.

Kaczkowski, W. (2018). Sexual Health Literacy of Refugee Youths in Georgia. Presented at the 2018 ResilienceCon, Nashville, TN.

Kaczkowski, W. (2017). New Methods of Assessing Bystander Intervention for Sexual Violence in a Laboratory Experiment. Presented at the Southeastern Ecological Conference, Miami, FL.

Kaczkowski, W. (2017). Qualitative Content Analysis of Images of Children in the Islamic State Propaganda. Presented at the 16th Biennial Conference of the Society for Community Research and Action (Division 27 of the American Psychological Association), Ottawa, Canada.

Kaczkowski, W., & Swartout, K. (2017). The Power of Peers: The Sustained Effect of Peer Support for Sexual Aggression on Sexual Violence Perpetration among College Men. Presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association Conference, Atlanta, GA.

 Sanghoon Lee received his Ph.D degree in Computer Science from Georgia State University in 2016.  He was a TCV fellow in 2015.  He is currently working as a postdoctoral fellow at Emory University School of Medicine. He has published papers to Cell, Nature Sci. Report, and Cancer Research as well as many branches of IEEE and ACM. His research interests include machine learning, deep learning, data mining and information retrieval.
Shawn Powers is the Acting Chief Strategy Officer with the U.S. Agency for Global Media.  He formerly served as the Executive Director of the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.  During his time at Georgia State, Dr. Powers worked with the TCV and served as Assistant Professor of Communication. His research, as exemplified by his book, The Real Cyber War: A Political Economy of Internet Freedom [with Michael Jablonski] (U. of Illinois Press, 2015), specializes in international political communication with particular attention to the geopolitics of information and technology policy. Dr. Powers co-led the University’s European Union and British Council funded project on Civic Approaches to Religious Conflict. He also directed the Center for Global Information Studies and served on the Board of Advisors for the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. The British Foreign Council, the U.S. Institute of Peace, the Open Society Foundation, the U.S. Department of State, the World Bank, and the Knight Foundation have supported his research.

Following her work as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in terrorism and media research at Georgia State, Dr. Weeda Mehran accepted a position as a faculty member with the The University of Exeter.

Dr. Meharan completed her Ph.D. at the University of Cambridge in the Department of Politics and International Studies.  In 2007, she obtained a master’s degree in Sociology from the University of Oxford as the first Afghan woman to graduate from Oxford University.  She also holds an M.A. in International Conflict Analysis from Kent University.  Mehran earned her B.A. with honors in Environment and Society & Sociology from the University of Toronto.

Dr. Mehran is currently a postdoctoral fellow. She was a 2018 VoxPol visiting scholar at Dublin City University where she conducted research on extremists’ media strategies.  Her research takes a multidisciplinary approach to studying propaganda campaign across a number of extremists groups such as Taliban, the Islamic State, Al Qaeda, Tahrik-e Taliban of Pakistan and Lashkar-e Taiba.

Mehran has worked with a number of organizations such as Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, Afghanistan Public Policy Research, Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan, Integrity Watch Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research, Evaluation Unit, and a number of UN organizations (e.g. UNWomen, UNDP).  She has written numerous policy reports on issues in Afghanistan.  She worked as a visiting scholar at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy in 2016, Hamburg University.  Mehran also served as Supervisor in the Department of Politics at the University of Cambridge.

Mehran is fluent in Persian, speaks advanced Pashtu and French, as well as intermediate German and basic Arabic. She has working knowledge of STATA, SPSS, R, Gephi, Ucinet, LIWC, and NVivo.

Research and Published Studies

“Cubs of the Caliphate: Spectacle of Violence by ISIS”: Forthcoming,

Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Criminology

Mehran, W. (2018).  Neo-patrimonialism in Afghanistan: former warlords, new democratic bureaucrats?.  Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, Vol. 13 (2).

Miller, B., Mehran, W., Qahtan, H. & and Alsahlani, Y.K. “Qualitative and Computational Analysis of Metaphors in Jihadi Propaganda”, Chapter in Online Terrorist Propaganda, Recruitment, & Radicalization. Under contract with CRC Press / Taylor & Francis.

“More beautiful & more jewellery: Heavenly rewards for female

jihadists” R&R Special Issue of International Journal of Communication.

Book Manuscript

“Political Economy of Warlord Democracy”, Contract offered by University of Notre Dame Press.

Selected Peer Reviewed Reports and policy briefs

“Radical and Active: Radicalization among University Students in Kabul and Herat”, AREU.  2018

“Localization of Afghanistan’s NAP 1325: A 15-Province Status Report”, APPRO Publications.  2018

“Polygamy in Afghanistan”, Discussion Paper, UN Women.  2017

“Women’s Protection Houses”, Discussion Paper, UN Women.  2017

Daniel Snook earned his Community Psychology Ph.D. in 2o2o with emphasis on the psychology of terrorism.  He earned a M.A. in psychology from University of North Florida. He earned a B.S. in psychology (cum laude) from the University of Florida Honors College.

His research framework is a mix of applied social and community psychology.  Currently, he is working with advisor Dr. John Horgan and the Violent Extremism Research Group (VERG).  He studies social cognition related to intergroup threat, violence, and terrorism and his current projects study Americans' judgments and decision-making related to terrorism and the role intergroup threat and motivated social cognition play in far-right terrorism.

Research and Published Studies:

Snook, D.W., Kleinmann, S.M., White, G., & Horgan, J. G. (2019). Conversion Motifs Among Muslim Converts in the United States. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, Advance online publication.

Fodeman, A.D., Snook, D.W., Horgan, J.G. (In Press). Picking Up and Defending the Faith: Activism and Radicalism among Muslim Converts in the United States. Political Psychology.

Snook, D.W., Kleinmann, S.M., White, G., & Horgan, J. G. (2018). Conversion Motifs Among Muslim Converts in the United States. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, In Press.

Snook, D.W., Williams, M. J., & Horgan, J. G. (2018). Issues in the Sociology and Psychology of Religious Conversion. Pastoral Psychology, 1-18.


Snook, D.W., Fodeman, A.D., Kleinmann, S.M., & Horgan, J.G. (2020) Crisis as a Catalyst? Understanding US Muslim Converts’ Overrepresentation in Islamist Terrorism. Paper presented March 13, 2020 at the Annual Meeting for the Society for the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality (APA Division 36); Denver, CO.

Snook, D.W., Branum-Martin, L., & Horgan, J.G. (2019)  "Zealous or just different? Comparing the structure of Islamic religiousness between convert and non-convert Muslims".  Paper to be presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality (APA Division 36); Bowling Green, OH.

Snook, D.W. (2018). “Fear itself: America’s dysfunctional relationship with terrorism”.  Presented April 13, 2018, at TEDxGeorgiaStateU.  Atlanta, GA.

Snook, D.W. & Horgan, J. (2017). “Religious beliefs and practices among Muslim converts and non-converts: Starting points for understanding convert overrepresentation in violent extremism”. Paper presented at the Society for Terrorism Research 11th Annual International Conference; New York City, NY.

Horgan, J. & Snook, D.W. (2016). “Understanding American Muslim converts in the contexts of society and security”. Presentation at 2017 Minerva Annual Project Review.  Arlington, VA.

Horgan, J., Kleinmann, S., & Snook, D.W. (2016) “Understanding American Muslim converts in the contexts of society and security”.  Presentation at 2016 Minerva Meeting and Program Review.  Washington, DC.

Dr. Yannick Veilleux-Lepage is an Assistant Professor with the Institute of Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University.

Dr. Veilleux-Lepage worked previously as a Senior Researcher in the Transcultural Conflict and Violence Initiative.  Here, he worked on Department of Defense funded projects analyzing online extremist discourse and media products produced by extremist groups.

Veilleux-Lepage holds a doctorate in International Relations from the University of St Andrews in Scotland.  He earned a master’s degree in International Affairs from the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs in Ontario, Canada.  He also holds a bachelor’s degree in Interdisciplinary Studies (Security Studies) from Carleton University.

Dr. Veilleux-Lepage’s research is the subject of an upcoming book, titled How Terror Evolves: The Emergence and Spread of Terrorist Techniques, to be published by Rowman and Littlefield International in October 2019.

Dr. Veilleux-Lepage currently serves as the Project manager for two Department of Defense funded Minerva Research Initiative analyzing online propaganda and visual media produced by extremist. The specific focus of these grants is to (1) create a living archive of the entirety of ISIS’ official multimedia content, including a searchable database of ISIS propaganda that includes news bulletins, photo-reports, videos, and documents; and (2) assess how children are recruited, radicalized, and deployed in violent extremist organizations in Iraq and Syria, Pakistan, Lebanon, Turkey, and Northern Ireland

Other research interests include the creation of online narratives and propaganda which fosters or normalizes terrorism; historical antecedents to terrorism; far-right extremism and the transnational links of far-right groups; ideological and technical diffusion, and the application of evolutionary theory to social sciences. Dr. Veilleux-Lepage has recently secured a Canadian Network for Research on Terrorism, Security, and Society Major Research Grant in collaboration with Dr. Barbara Perry (The University of Ontario Institute of Technology) to explores how gender and sexual politics are played out in everyday practice within the extreme right movement, both in terms of the framing of women by the movement, and women’s actions within the movement.

Dr. Veilleux-Lepage is the author of several referred articles and reports.  He has appeared or been cited in national and international media as an expert in his field, including: BBC, CBC, CNN, International Business Times, ITV, La Presse, LBC, Metro News (Sweden), Radio-Canada, Sky News, The Global and Mail, The Guardian, and The National Post.

Prior to undertaking his doctoral studies, Dr. Veilleux-Lepage worked as a senior intelligence analyst specializing in international terrorism and emerging threats for the Government of Canada. He speaks fluent English and French.

Referred Publications


Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (Forthcoming 2019). How Terror Evolves: The Emergence and Spread of Terrorist Techniques. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. [Under Contract].

Journal Articles

Veilleux-Lepage, Y., & Archambault, E. (Forthcoming 2019). Mapping Transnational Extremist Networks: An Exploratory Study of the Soldiers of Odin’s Facebook Network Using Integrated Social Network Analysis Perspectives on Terrorism. [Accepted].

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2016). Paradigmatic Shifts in Jihadism in Cyberspace: The Emerging Role of Unaffiliated Sympathizers in the Islamic State’s Social Media. Journal of Terrorism Research, 7(1), 36–51. DOI: 10.15664 /jtr.1183

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2013). Implications of the sunk cost effect and regional proximity for public support for Canada’s mission in Kandahar. International Journal: Canada’s Journal of Global Policy Analysis, 68(2), 346–358. DOI:10.1177/0020702013492536

Chapters in Edited Volumes

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (Forthcoming 2019). A Typology of Islamic State’s Social Media Distribution Network. In Media and Mass Atrocity. In A. Thompson (Ed.), Media and Mass Atrocity: The Rwanda Genocide and Beyond. Toronto: CIGI Press. [In Press].

Archambault, E., & Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (Forthcoming 2019). Soldiers of Odin in Canada: Internal conflicts and transnational dimensions. In M. Mares & T. Bjørgo (Eds.), Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. London: Routledge. [In Press].

Veilleux-Lepage, Y., & Archambault, E. (Forthcoming 2019). Les Soldats d’Odin au Canada. In M. Geoffroy (Ed.), Violence et Extrémisme au Canada.  Quebec: Presses de l’Université Laval [In Press].

Veilleux-Lepage, Y., & Fedorowicz, J. (2015). The Mau Mau Revolt in Kenya, 1952-56. In G. Fremont-Barnes (Ed.), A history of counterinsurgency (pp. 177–204). Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.

Policy Publications

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2019, January 5). Is There A Radical Right Racism Problem in The Canadian Armed Forces? Rantt Media.

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2018, October 11). When the Radical Right Shows Up. Fair Observer.

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2018, August 26). The Extreme Right’s Legitimisation of Vehicle Ramming. Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right.

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2017, March 29). “How and why vehicle ramming became the attack of choice for terrorists.” The Conversation

Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2016, October 20). “The ISIS Brand.” Open Canada.

Yannick Veilleux-Lepage. (2015, July 8). IS’ social media strategy leverages convergence culture. VOX-Pol Network of Excellence.

Yannick Veilleux-Lepage. (2015, June 17). Why the Islamic State is Actually Brilliant at Social Media. Canadian Defence Association Institute.

Yannick Veilleux-Lepage. (2015, February 1st). Canadian and British Policy toward Returning Foreign Fighters: A Missed Opportunity for Countering the Islamic State’s Narrative? Research Institute for European and American Studies.