Censoring Extremism: Influence of Online Restriction on Official Media Products of ISIS
This study compares ISIS’s 550 images displayed in the group’s official newsletter al-Naba 6 months before and after Europol’s November 2019 take-down of terrorist affiliated accounts, groups, channels, and bots on Telegram. It conducts a content analysis of images related to militaries and their outcomes, non-military activities and their outcomes, and presentational forms.
The findings demonstrate that ISIS visually emphasizes its standard priming approach but shifts its agenda-setting strategy. While retaining some of its standard visual framing practices, the group also alters frames, particularly those related to images showing opposing militaries and military outcome.
Authors: McMinimy, K., Winkler, C. K., Lokmanoglu, Ayse, & Almahmoud, M. (2021) Censoring Extremism: Influence of Online Restriction on Official Media Products of ISIS, Terrorism and Political Violence